American OO Today

The online magazine on the history and operation of vintage scale model trains in American OO gauge

Sunday, September 25, 2016

An ATSF heavyweight combine

With this beautiful car we have the first of a group of passenger cars that were built by James Trout. As noted in a prior article he was an artist with Disney for more than 40 years and put his considerable skills into action in his American OO models.

I will begin by saying what this car is, it is an ATSF combine and it caught my eye as a perfect car to have for a Santa Fe branch line mixed train, such as would have run on the line I traveled along so many times with my parents growing up in Kansas. Although I have to note that this specific car is from a group (2602-2608) which were actually not used in mixed train service, instead they were rider cars for The Fast Mail. For more information on these cars in general see this page in the Santa Fe Railway Historical Society website. 

Still though, this car really caught my attention not only for being at least very similar to a mixed train combine but also as I had recently completed a similar model someone else started years ago, they converted a pair of Scale-Craft bodies into a combine (seen here). That car, when I completed it, seemed like a nice car for my layout to run on an approximation of an ATSF mixed train, and I planned to upgrade it with an interior. Now, with this new Trout model here, I am not so sure….

The arrival of this car and others with it may mark a slight turning point for me. Let me explain. The first issue, if it is an issue, is that this model is so well made. When I look at the average vintage model in American OO, I definitely have better modeling skills than a lot of people back in the day. But this combine, it is built at a level of old-school craftsmanship I have aspired to but never quite achieved, one that is rarely seen today in any scale.

This model must have taken many hours to build. It is obviously scratchbuilt and there are hardly any commercial parts to be seen, the most visible being the Nason trucks. The sides are sheet brass and he used some sort of rivet making die or machine to punch in all the rivets. It is an accurate and beautifully built scale model of the prototype, with real glass in the windows and an interior. As always, click on the photos for a closer view.

The couplers are an interesting choice, they are HO Devore couplers. It was an oversize (for HO!) working knuckle coupler produced in the 1950s that scales out very close to correct in OO. Trout at one point had a large layout, but with the limited swing they offer I am thinking that Trout either only displayed this particular car as a shelf model or he had very wide radius curves.

Of course the lettering was all done by hand as well. It does not look like it was at any normal viewing distance though and clearly Trout had the steady hand of a real artist.

Basically, this and other cars that recently arrived have suddenly pushed the bar much higher for me in American OO. I have over the years had fun building and rebuilding quite a few nice, neat models. I own other models built to a similar level as I have achieved, but built by others (thinking especially of Pierre Bourassa, William Johann, William Gilbert, and Fred Schorr). But these models have really challenged me, they are absolutely the best scratchbuilt models ever to be in my train room and certainly leave the average model built on a pre-war design now looking less good than it did before, no matter how neatly built. Also, while I would love to run this model, I actually can’t as my curve radius is not big enough – and even if I swap out the couplers out it will look better on 36” or more radius. That issue I will have to ponder as years go forward.

There are quite a few more of these cars by James Trout to describe one by one, about half and half ATSF and his personal road which I will introduce in a later article. Some are very complete and in beautiful shape and others have significant issues from storage that I will need to address. In any case, it is good that I have at least the skills to lightly touch up these models as needed, the group is giving me a good challenge and I will aim to describe a couple every week or so, be watching for more of these stunning models.

Saturday, September 17, 2016

Two modern 60’ boxcars

Today we have a pair of modern cars in American OO, one completely scratch built by Bill Johann in 1985 and the other started by him in the 1990s and finished by me.

The Cotton Belt car is the older model. The body is wood and it is built with traditional methods, rolling on Lionel trucks which he must have felt had enough heft to look right on the car. The car in front has perhaps more of a story. The frame was in the OO Inventory, and the model had no body. It clearly had one before, maybe a couple different bodies even based on the dates on the frame (seen in the third photo), and was also on Lionel trucks. In any case it originally must have had a plastic body generally similar to the one I built up.

So the body I made has its own story. Way back in high school or close to it I bought an Athearn HO 86’ boxcar body thinking it could be converted to OO. And then it sat and sat, moved from place to place. But looking at that orphan frame it was clear that the Athearn body would make a good basis for a somewhat freelanced 60’ boxcar in OO. It exactly fits the frame, and the big plug doors I think make the model, as do the couplers on the long cushion draft gears.

How I worked the Athearn body over is fairly clear in the photos. I did split the roof and cut both ends off, making a new roof and new ends. The brass part of the ends are extra parts that I had that were produced for the Scale-Craft 50’ boxcar, and the other commercial looking parts are HO. The roof was a special challenge and actually the roof you see is the second roof that has been on the car. I opted to do a simplification that Johann did on other models I have, it is probably not totally prototypical but then again the car has a few compromises. But it is a good match for the frame and will certainly be a believable model when decorated, most likely for the ATSF.

Sunday, September 4, 2016

Introducing American OOn3

Although a new topic in this website, over the years I have seen a few references here and there to OOn3 models being built. Attempts at activity in this gauge date from after WWII, as the 12mm gauge track required for OOn3 is the same as TT standard gauge track, so you could make use of TT gauge locomotive mechanisms and, if you did not mind the small wheels and ties, commercial TT gauge track and trucks.

Recently obtained were these two cabooses. The one in the front is standard gauge and was scratch built by Fred Schorr, and is lettered for his personal road. (It is a near twin to the caboose in this article, and has full interior and lights!). The one in the rear is OOn3 and was built by his son Ed. It is neatly scratch built and rides on modified HOn3 trucks.

Note, in comparing the photos, that from the side they are similar in size but the narrow gauge model is not as wide. As always, click on the photos for a closer view.

According to Ed he made one other model in OOn3, a D&RGW C-16! If anyone has that model out there reading this, I would love to hear from you. I do hope the owner knows what it is and how unique the model is!

The idea of OOn3 has intrigued me for years, I like Colorado narrow gauge, but it just seems like too much work compared to for example switching scales and then building a layout in Sn3. I laid that OOn3 track seen in the photos back when I was in high school (!), but as an experiment I think originally to lay some TT gauge track. But the ties I used were way too big for TT and it ends up being about right visually for OOn3 or maybe more correctly for HOm (HO, meter gauge) due to tie size.

Speaking of track, you can buy what would be very workable OOn3 track commercially now, as there are several lines of HOm track, also 12mm gauge. It is more of a European specialty product so tracking down suppliers in the US is more of a challenge, but it should in closing also be noted that there are entire lines of products that are built in HOm and various types of OO narrow gauge models as well, but not specifically US prototype of course. Maybe if a situation came where I really had to seriously downsize I might think about freelancing some mining or logging line OOn3, who knows the future?

Saturday, August 27, 2016

OO Reefers, done right

A number of makers sold refrigerator car kits in American OO, many of them being not too visually successful.

Why? The central problem is that the typical prototype reefer has a height of around 13’ 4” but the typical steel boxcar is 15’ tall. For an OO scale model this is an actual difference of 7MM (!) which is quite visible. The problem is that most OO makers used what were really boxcar bodies in reefer kits, which were supplied with reefer sides and other details. This first photo shows the difference pretty clearly. The tall model was built by me some years ago from an Eastern kit, built as carefully as possible, and I have never been happy with it. At the time I built it I thought the body was too tall and it is, I should have shortened the model. The shorter model also has printed Famoco/Eastern sides, but put on a body that is the correct height – with some great upgrades such as working reefer hatches.

The builder of the shorter, prototypical model was James Trout. He did the job right. I am also happy to share this second group of PFE reefers which he also built. They are all different and I believe are meant to reflect accurately different classes of reefers. As always, click on the photo for a better view.

As noted in the previous article, Trout was a Disney illustrator. At first I was thinking maybe the sides were silk screened, they are not commercial sides and were not lettered with decals, but with a closer look I believe that they were entirely hand decorated. The logos, the small lettering, everything! He had the hand and skills to do it, and the result is eye popping. They look wonderful in a train on the layout.

Back to the topic of reefers built from kits, S-C reefers are a bit tall as are Nason. The latter (depending on the body – they vary) is closest to accurate for OO, as the early PRR boxcar body they based their bodies on is not 15’ tall. In any case, the down side here of the arrival of these Trout reefers is most of the other reefers I have now don’t look “good enough” on the layout. For once I am thankful that the layout is small!

Monday, August 8, 2016

An ATSF Caboose and Boxcar

Two cars in a group recently received are these fine examples of scratch building in American OO. Both are ATSF models built by James Trout. His name has only come up one time in this website to this point, in this article, where a 1950 reference is made to his fine ATSF locomotives. I have one of these models and will come back to those in a future article. In the OO rosters put together by Temple Nieter he was always listed as James Trout but he actually had a professional name, Jimi Trout, and was an artist for Disney for more than 40 years. His OO models show some serious skill and are worth a close look.

First up is the caboose. I first saw this on a list from his son I wondered if it would be a simple ATSF lettering job on a S-C or Lionel caboose. No! This is a completely scratch built model and is of the distinctive ATSF design. Look first at the trucks; they are not commercial products (that still roll great) and are prototype specific. Then start looking around. There are a lot of details to feast your eyes on. The body is metal, the windows are real glass and then see inside? It has a full interior that is very difficult to see with the small windows. The roof can’t be removed, either, it is a detail you have to really work to see. A final detail to mention, the lettering is not decals, with the skills he had as a Disney illustrator he painted the lettering by hand.

The other car that I will focus on today is this boxcar. On first glance it looks like a nicely built up Eastern or Famoco car. But look closer, those are Scale-Rail Industries sides and this is not your average boxcar. Starting up top, the roof walks are not wood strip, they are of the metal grate type that is almost never seen on OO cars. The roof itself has the raised panels between the familiar Eastern/Famoco ribs. The doors are Eastern/Famoco as are the ladders. The underframe is made from shapes and the AB type brakes are visible under the car. The Andrews trucks are Nason (square bolster) and I believe are a choice on his part to be prototype specific. Finally note the good match of the paint, which is no easy thing to do today (especially with Floquil off the market) but he managed this easily I believe with his art background.

Both do show some effect from the long storage. I will clean both a bit more but then again, it does pass for weathering to a point! Every few weeks I will focus on a couple more of these cars, displaying craftsmanship worth taking a close look at.

Wednesday, July 27, 2016

Two Early American OO Models by Temple Nieter

Frequent readers of this site should be familiar with the name Temple Nieter. If not, he was a pioneer in American OO who promoted OO enthusiastically until his passing in 1984. A series of three articles that starts here is a good place to start for an overview. I own only one Temple Nieter model, a reefer, described in this article.

That reefer provides a good comparison to these two Nieter models, a boxcar and a reefer, in photographs shared by reader Lon Walker. I will start with the boxcar. The Lake Line was the personal road of Temple Nieter and the car is neatly hand-lettered. Note that the model is an X29 PRR boxcar. This is significant as Nieter actually advertised this very model for sale. Production must have been very limited (Nieter was an electrical engineer by profession), but whatever was sold should be a very similar model, it is worth looking your collection over to see if you can find another car of the same type. The doors look to maybe be Nason castings though, perhaps added at a slightly later date. The ends of both cars are plain.

Looking at the bottom we see a couple more significant things. So let’s say he built this car around 1934. Note that the trucks and couplers are not commercial products (as always, click on the photo for a closer view). The couplers are the same as those on my reefer, they are a design bent out of sheet metal, a design inspired at least by another pioneer, Howard Winther (see his couplers in this article, along with a little drawing by Temple Nieter of how the couplers were made).  The trucks are very similar to the trucks on early Winther freight cars as well. For a pretty good view of a Winther truck see this article; it is actually possible that Winther made the castings for Nieter.

Turning to the reefer, the sides are lettered differently, this one being the more interesting side. My Niether reefer was clearly rebuilt and lettered with decals at some later point (and lost the early trucks), but this one seems to be all original or closer to it at least with the hand lettered sides. Note the early trucks again and the same style of coupler is present. The hatches, not seen clearly in these photos posted, look like they are likely Nason castings.

Back to the couplers, seen again in this final bottom view, what Nieter noted to me of the design was as follows:

Before my filed SC type [he used a modified SC coupler on his layout that was filed slightly so it would couple automatically] there was Howard Winthers’ made of 1/8 strips of tin-can sheet metal, shaped as a coupler, maybe from 1933! I knew him and adopted his style but quickly added the “hose” wire and the ramp idea on that kind.

Lon has several other cars with this that may or may not be Nieter purchased in the same lot, including a boxcar that has wires from one truck mysteriously running up inside! From his writings Nieter had some ideas about power distribution that were far ahead of his time (more here), one wonders if that car is related somehow. In any case thank you Lon for sharing these photos of these interesting, very early models.

Sunday, July 24, 2016

Modern Hopper Cars for American OO

One car type seen a lot in modern times is the covered hopper. Modern hoppers of all types (2, 3, or 4 bay) were never produced in OO scale.

To solve this problem, Bill Johann did a few conversions, including these two models seen here. One of these two hoppers is seen in a photo on Page 7 of the February, 1994 issue of The OO Road, where he briefly describes the conversion. At that time his note was: “Tyco 4 bay converted to OO, change made to trucks & couplers only.” In the text of the article itself he also notes in general that these “HO cars will look a little low and narrow with respect to a full sized OO car.”

The TYCO car involved is this one, seen here in the TYCO brown box website, but there are many similar models out there that could be used and certainly from the article Johann converted Athearn cars as well.

The interesting thing is he subsequently went back and worked on the car more. Note in the bottom view all the dates? The newest is 9-94, and he at that time converted both cars into three bay hoppers. This certainly gives it more of a scale look, as described in a prior article on another of his hopper conversions: “The key to this conversion was that the original three bay covered hoppers in the 1960s were under 4.500 cubic ft capacity and the newest ones today are over 5,000 cubic feet. This means that a very large HO covered hopper is a pretty good stand in for a small covered hopper in OO.”

And these models I think prove that a very large HO four bay hopper will pass in a pinch for a somewhat smaller OO three bay hopper. These are nice cars I enjoy having on the layout, notable also for the nice decal lettering and weathering. The trucks are his HO conversion trucks described in this article.

I have another similar car, still in its four bay state, that given enough time it would be fun to convert into a three bay car. In the article he also proposes converting these cars into two bay hoppers, which look like a very viable conversion as well. It would however be tempting to do a more involved conversion to obtain a closer to full scale car with the post sides as seen on many covered hoppers -- those sides would be relatively easy to make with sheet plastic and shapes. In any case, these cars are one solution to the modern hopper problem, and one that it will be worth exploring.

Sunday, July 3, 2016

A 3D printed SD24 in American OO

A few months ago I posted about my nearly finished 3D printed SW7 models (which are also seen below, with some revisions to the paint scheme). Those were not the only 3D printed bodies I had though, the other being a SD24.

Big picture, at a distance certainly, this model looks great, it is very effective, and do click on the photo for a good view. When you look at it closely in person, however, the surface is rough and the details somewhat heavy, and it can probably only be successfully lettered for some roads. But I get ahead of myself.

The model itself, credit Jack Bartman for getting the ball rolling. The design was scaled up for him from an N scale model by a Shapeways designer. Sensing that some details might be rough, Jack had a few things taken off, specifically the roof fans and the big vents. The ones you see are HO parts that have been added to the body.

Looking at it, the drive looks good and runs well, and I think one probably would not notice without prompting that the trucks are under scale and the fuel tank is too large. They are from an Athearn HO SD40-2 model, blue box era with plastic side frames. I have by now modified quite a few of these drives for 19MM gauge, with this article describing the basics of the conversion. In this case, the frame only needs slight modification (I cut the ends off) to make for a frame and drive that works well.

To connect the drive to the body I decided the best option was to cut down the original Athearn body to fit inside the SD24 shell, as seen in the final photo. It sat a little too low so styrene shims hold the body at the correct height. The bottom edge of the original Athearn body is just visible but not really, as it is black and disappears under the 3D body.

Couplers were added and connected to wood pads on the body (that had been glued on with super glue). As with the SW7 models I painted it with PolyScale Pullman green paint (see this article for notes on painting 3D printed models) and added decals. The “Quincy Route” decals were added to the SW7 models and to this one. I added a bit of weight to the body as well.

Looping back to the paint scheme, the road is a freelanced road I last built models for in high school. I had the “Quincy Route” decals on hand (Champ decals purchased back then) and it seemed like a good time to use them. My goal with the scheme was to get the look of a 1970s/80s shortline, and I am happy with the result. I drew on Penn Central specifically though to just paint part of the hand rails a lighter color -- the original SW7 scheme I used had more white on the railings but it only emphasized that they were heavy, they have been modified into this revised scheme.

Speaking of the Penn Central, I think their scheme would work well on this model as would PRR, as the schemes are dark (which hides the detail issues) and don't have a lot of lettering. Any complicated scheme would be a nightmare if not impossible to do on this specific model, as the paint actually soaks into the “Strong & Flexible” material of the 3D printing. If it were produced in the FUD material it would paint better and look sharper but the cost is a good bit higher. So that is one to weigh out based on what you want it to look like and your actual budget.

To close I thank Jack again for getting the ball rolling. American OO has entered a new era with 3D printing. As noted in my first article on the Shapeways products, I purchased three FUD Diesel cabs and have three more diesels underway to use them, a dummy GE U23B and two powered SD40 prototypes. Maybe they will be finished this summer? More on them when they are further along, but this article gives a quick look at the start of the SD40 project.

Saturday, July 2, 2016

A Scale-Craft coach and combine for the Santa Fe

In a recent purchase were these two passenger cars, clearly by the same builder with the red interior, but also clearly not completed, as there were no decals.

They are Scale-Craft, examples of their coach and combine. Combine? As noted in another article (here), Scale-Craft  in their final, Round Lake catalog offered a deal to make a combine (including a baggage car body with the coach body), a factory offer of parts for kitbashing the combine in other words.

I think it is a pretty successful model, and the monitor roof is much better for a Santa Fe look than the die cast arch roof they normally supplied with the car. The roofs are freshly painted, the one on the coach coming to me on a different model.

Those die cast bodies must have been a challenge to cut apart! They are joined with glue/screws and a board between both halves of the car.

There are a couple of paint chips but I will live with those. I do like how they look and will be making use of these when I run Santa Fe sessions.


Thursday, June 23, 2016

An almost completed Graceline reefer

Ending this brief series of recent finds posts, this Graceline reefer recently came to me with some other items.

Besides it being a relatively rare item, with the hand painted sides (more on those here), the thing that really caught my eye was it was never completed. Almost completed, but it has clearly been in this same state for years and years.

The trucks are Lionel. One was broken when it got here, I replaced the bolster with an orphan original part. See how nicely they were painted? The roof has a bit of paint loss from storage. And then see that number written in pencil on the car side?

The number keys to numbers on the back of each of the sides which, if you look closely, are not quite the same as they were hand painted. Side one goes on the other side of the car.

The builder seems to have just stopped at this point. Hopefully there was no sad story right then in their life, but here it is today. The car needs ladders, it has never had couplers so it needs those, and of course the sides should be glued on. I really should do the job and finish the car neatly, it is a fine vintage item, but for right now at least I will leave this car as it is.